August 3, 2012 at 1:00 am · Gadaa.com
According to information received by Gadaa.com, the 2012 Borana Oromo Gumii Gaayoo (the National Assembly) will start on Saturday, August 4, 2012.
The Gumii Gaayoo is held every eight years in the fourth year of the Gadaa period; it’s the National Assembly for all Borana Oromo, not merely the Gadaa class in power. It’s to be remembered that the current Abba Gadaa Guyyoo Gobbaa assumed power in an inauguration ceremony held in Badhaasaa, Arero district of the Borana zone in 2009.
It’s also during the Gumii Gaayoo that the next Abbaa Gadaa, who will assume executive power in 2016, takes up the mantle.
The 2012 Gumii Gaayoo comes a few days after the ongoing Woyane-instigated conflict between the Borana Oromo and its neighbors. Thousands of residents of southern Oromia are currently in camps as refugees in Oromia’s neighboring country, Kenya, due to the Woyane-instigated conflict.
What’s Gumii Gaayoo? Gumii Gaayoo, the National Assembly, is one of the principal democratic institutions in the Gadaa system as a whole; it’s the legislative branch of the Gadaa system. Together with the Gadaa executive leaders, the Qallu ritual leaders, the Hariyaa military leaders, the Gumii Gaayoo forms the four branches of power in the Gadaa system.
Prof. Asmarom Legesse on Gumii Gaayoo:
“The Gumi is made up of all the gadaa assemblies and gadaa councils of the Borana – active and semi-retired – who meet, as a single body, once every eight years. It’s comparable to the great assemblies recorded in the history of the other parts of Oromoland, such as the Ch’affe of the western (Macch’a), central (Tulama) and eastern (Barentu-Arsi) Oromo. This assembly stands above all other Oromo institutions: it reviews all unresolved cases of conflict. It also evaluates the activities of the gadaa class in power, revises the existing laws and proclaims new laws. Over a period of four centuries of its history, the Gumi has made some fundamental changes in the laws that govern Oromo society.” From Oromo Democracy: An Indigenous African Political System
Dr. Donald Levine on Gumii Gaayoo:
“The Oromo tradition of Gumii Gaayoo [this is the legislative branch of the Gadaa system], which brings people together from all over (many many parts of) Oromoland is one of the most democratic institutions. And, I only wish that the Congress of the United States could operate in the democratic way that the Oromo Gumii Gaayoo operates …”